Family Crisis ABC-X Model
The original ABC-X Model (Hill, 1958) was developed to reveal the multiple components involved in a family crisis.
- The event can be any issue, circumstance, or occurrence.
- The family resources encompass the individual emotions and physical abilities, family cohesion, responsiveness, financial, and other physical resources.
- Members’ perceptions of the event represent their objective, cultural, and subjective interpretations of the meaning of the event.
- Crisis arises when the resources and members’ perceptions interact with the family’s experience of the event. The interactions either mediate or exacerbate the impact the members’ experiences of the increased stress associated with the event.
Journal- How does the interaction of the resources and perceptions advance the stress of the family to the point of becoming a crisis?
Pittman (1987) notes that a “crisis results when an event comes to bear upon a system and requires change outside of the system’s usual repertoire.” (p. 4) In other words, stress has become so great exceeding the family’s abilities to adequately respond and cope.
Issues to Address When Examining Crises
- Achieve member safety through de-escalation and specific prevention strategies
- Determine the chronicity of the crisis
- Situational or enduring crises
- Determine impact and extent of crisis on member functioning at home, school, work, community involvement
- Identify family and member previous attempts to address crisis
Journal- Think of one family you have worked with who appeared to move from one crisis to the next are there patterns of responding that maintain that movement from one crisis to the next?