Individual and Family Resilience
Walsh (1998) describes the strengths-based therapeutic process that searches for evidences of existing family resilience and ways to support the development of resilient processes.
- Resilience is the process of adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, threats, or even significant sources of stress. Sources of stress include: family and relationship problems, serious health problems, and workplace and financial stressors. Resilience means ‘bouncing back’ from difficult experiences.
- Resilience is not a trait that people have or do not have. It involves behaviors, thoughts, and actions that can be learned and developed in anyone.
- Resilience is a set of qualities that fosters a process of successful adaptation and transformation despite risk and adversity.
Factors in Resilience
Therapy should identify, support, and further develop the factors that lead to individual and family resiliencies. Those factors include:
- Caring and supportive relationships within and outside the family
- Relationships that create love and trust, provide role models, and offer encouragement and reassurance
- Capacity to make realistic plans and take steps to carry them out
- A positive view of self and confidence in personal strengths and abilities
- Skills in communication and problem-solving
- Capacity to manage strong feelings and impulses