Crisis Intervention & Management Module

Module Sections:

Impact of Crisis

Multilevel Impact of Crisis

Crises impact families at multiple levels and in varying degrees (Boss, 2002; Boyd-Franklin & Bry, 2000):

  • The individual members’
    • Personal experiences of the crises
    • Cognitive, emotional, and physical resources informing the individuals’ perceptions
    • The formation of personal perceptions of the experiences
    • Behavioral responses to the crises
  • The whole family
    • The interactions between the members responding and/or contributing to the crises
    • The level of congruity between member perceptions of the crises
    • The family resources available to respond to the crises
    • The family responses to the crises including level of management, coping, and adaptation to changes
  • Intergenerational context
    • Interactional patterns reflecting responses to crises are often passed down and used by subsequent generations. The intergenerational resources and perceptions available to families include:
      • Cognitive and emotional processes
      • Family loyalties, values, and beliefs
  • Cultural context
    • Interactional patterns among family members, other systems, clinician, etc. impacting perceptions of crisis, coping strategies, resources

Systematic Approach to Individual and Family Crisis

  • Development of a unified framework guides the process of therapy with families in crisis.
  • The framework attends to the dynamic interplay between the multiple levels of families including: the individuals, the family, and the larger social and historical contexts.
  • The framework can be used for assessing individual and family coping by identifying individual and family vulnerabilities and resiliencies.