The Circumplex Model (Olson, 1993; Olson, Sprenkle, & Russell, 1979) provides ranges for two variables focusing on family processes. Healthy families strike a reasonable balance on each range that can vary from one family to the next.
- Family cohesion reflects the degree to which family members experience emotional bonding. Optimal functioning occurs as a family strikes a balance between member separateness and togetherness.
- Family adaptability indicates a family’s ability to adapt to meet challenges. Ranging from rigid to chaotic, families demonstrate the degree to which they are able to adjust family structure, rules, and roles. Optimal functioning occurs as a family strikes a balance between stability and change.