Theory & Phases of Therapy
Your preferred theory guides your work with families. It is important to think about how you apply your theory to the various phases of therapy.
Joining – Rapport Building
- Getting to know the family and each of the members
- Building a level of mutual trust and respect as the foundation for subsequent work
Assessment and Diagnosis
- Family readiness to change is reflected in the combination of each member’s readiness
- Moving to subsequent phases depends in part on your assessment of readiness
- Work at and with the motivation level of each member
- Acknowledge members’ efforts to affect the circumstances within the family
Contracting – Goal Setting and Treatment Planning
- Each member needs to “buy-in” to treatment and contracting provides the opportunity for each to suggest her/his goals and expectations for treatment
- Identify points of disagreement and the possibilities for compromise to accomplish shared goals
- Determine what the family needs to know as early as possible in treatment which prepares them to finish treatment
- Termination suggests that the child and the family are familiar with and demonstrate healthy responses to the reverberating effects of conflicts within the family. A family that is ready for termination develops the self-efficacy and practical strategies needed to consistently manage the effects of the SED on all members including the child.
Journal- Crises occur at various phase in the course of therapy. How do family crises impact the therapy process?