The following conceptual models provide a comparison of the different approaches to the supervision process. These models are provided for you to consider the variety of ways to conceptualize supervision, approaches to providing supervision, and the varying ways to measure outcomes you expect from supervision. Conceptual approaches, divided into developmental and social-role models, focus specifically on the interactions between supervisors and supervisees.
Developmental models of supervision assume that there needs to be a degree of fit between the type of supervision that is provided and the supervisee's current level of experience (Halloway, 1995; Stoltenberg & Delworth, 1987). Furthermore, the approach to supervision is adjusted as the needs of the therapist change throughout predictable stages of development.
These models attempt to provide a framework that assists a supervisor's ongoing assessment of the therapist's professional and clinical skills. The assessment provides guidance for determining the most appropriate and useful types of supervisory interventions. For example: a supervisor working with a beginning therapist may use a directive approach that provides specific intervention ideas, whereas work with an experienced therapist may be collaborative and focus on more conceptual issues.
- Describe your current level of clinical experience.
- Considering your current level of clinical experience, how could supervision best address your current clinical needs?