The objectives-based (Cleghorn & Levin, 1973; Tomm & Wright, 1979) and feminist approaches (Prouty, Thomas, Johnson, & Long, 2001; Wheeler, Avis, Miller, & Chaney, 1978) focus on the role of the therapist throughout the therapeutic and supervisory interactions. A greater awareness of the existence and roles of culture, gender, power, and justice influence perspective-taking and decision-making that occur throughout supervision and therapy.
Ivey & Ivey (2007) suggest using a "microskills" approach focused on specific skills that are built upon a foundation of ethical and multicultural awareness and competence. Supervision would address the development of the following skills:
- Attending behaviors
- Open and closed questions
- Client observations
- Encouraging, paraphrasing, and summarizing
- Reflection of feeling
- Reflection of meaning
- Skills integration
A microskills approach places a priority on attending to the incremental parts of interaction sequences that have a cumulative effect of defining the relationships between supervisor and supervisee or therapist and client. The nature of those relationships directly impacts the effectiveness of the work that is accomplished through those relationships.
- List two "microskills" that you have spent time developing in the past year.
- List two "microskills" that you would like to focus on developing in the coming year.
- How could your supervisor assist you in developing those skills?